Когда я создавал приложение Spring Boot, я мог видеть файлы mvnw и mvnw.cmd в корне проекта. Для чего нужны эти два файла?

shaunthomas999

Ответов: 5

Ответы (5)

These files are from Maven wrapper. It works similarly to the Gradle wrapper.

This allows you to run the Maven project without having Maven installed and present on the path. It downloads the correct Maven version if it's not found (as far as I know by default in your user home directory).

The mvnw file is for Linux (bash) and the mvnw.cmd is for the Windows environment.


To create or update all necessary Maven Wrapper files execute the following command:

mvn -N io.takari:maven:wrapper

To use a different version of maven you can specify the version as follows:

mvn -N io.takari:maven:wrapper -Dmaven=3.3.3

Both commands require maven on PATH (add the path to maven bin to Path on System Variables) if you already have mvnw in your project you can use ./mvnw instead of mvn in the commands.

На сегодняшний день лучшим вариантом было бы использование контейнера maven в качестве инструмента построения. Скрипта mvn.sh будет достаточно:

#!/bin/bash
docker run --rm -ti \
 -v $(pwd):/opt/app \
 -w /opt/app \
 -e TERM=xterm \
 -v $HOME/.m2:/root/.m2 \
 maven mvn "$@"

Command mvnw uses Maven that is by default downloaded to ~/.m2/wrapper on the first use.

URL with Maven is specified in each project at .mvn/wrapper/maven-wrapper.properties:

distributionUrl=https://repo1.maven.org/maven2/org/apache/maven/apache-maven/3.3.9/apache-maven-3.3.9-bin.zip

To update or change Maven version invoke the following (remember about --non-recursive for multi-module projects):

./mvnw io.takari:maven:wrapper -Dmaven=3.3.9 

or just modify .mvn/wrapper/maven-wrapper.properties manually.

To generate wrapper from scratch using Maven (you need to have it already in PATH run:

mvn io.takari:maven:wrapper -Dmaven=3.3.9 

The Maven Wrapper is an excellent choice for projects that need a specific version of Maven (or for users that don't want to install Maven at all). Instead of installing many versions of it in the operating system, we can just use the project-specific wrapper script.

mvnw: it's an executable Unix shell script used in place of a fully installed Maven

mvnw.cmd: it's for Windows environment


Use Cases

The wrapper should work with different operating systems such as:

  • Linux
  • OSX
  • Windows
  • Solaris

After that, we can run our goals like this for the Unix system:

./mvnw clean install

And the following command for Batch:

./mvnw.cmd clean install

If we don't have the specified Maven in the wrapper properties, it'll be downloaded and installed in the folder $USER_HOME/.m2/wrapper/dists of the system.


Maven Wrapper plugin

Maven Wrapper plugin to make auto installation in a simple Spring Boot project.

First, we need to go in the main folder of the project and run this command:

mvn -N io.takari:maven:wrapper

We can also specify the version of Maven:

mvn -N io.takari:maven:wrapper -Dmaven=3.5.2

The option -N means –non-recursive so that the wrapper will only be applied to the main project of the current directory, not in any submodules.


Source 1 (further reading): https://www.baeldung.com/maven-wrapper

short answer: to run Maven and Gradle in the terminal without following manual installation processes.

Gradle example:

./gradlew clean build
./gradlew bootRun

Maven example:

./mvnw clean install
./mvnw spring-boot:run

"The recommended way to execute any Gradle build is with the help of the Gradle Wrapper (in short just “Wrapper”). The Wrapper is a script that invokes a declared version of Gradle, downloading it beforehand if necessary. As a result, developers can get up and running with a Gradle project quickly without having to follow manual installation processes saving your company time and money."

Gradle would also add some specific files corresponding to the Maven files Gradlew and Gradle.bat

Initializer

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