How may I get information from a ReadableStream object?

I am using the Fetch API and I don't see this to be clear from the documentation.

The body is being returned as a ReadableStream and I would simply like to access a property within this stream. Under Response in the browser dev tools, I appear to have this information organised into properties, in the form of a JavaScript object.

fetch('http://192.168.5.6:2000/api/car', obj)
    .then((res) => {
        if(res.status == 200) {
            console.log("Success :" + res.statusText);   //works just fine
        }
        else if(res.status == 400) {
            console.log(JSON.stringify(res.body.json());  //res.body is undefined.
        }

        return res.json();
    })

noob

Ответы (7)

In order to access the data from a ReadableStream you need to call one of the conversion methods (docs available here).

As an example:

fetch('https://jsonplaceholder.typicode.com/posts/1')
  .then(function(response) {
    // The response is a Response instance.
    // You parse the data into a useable format using `.json()`
    return response.json();
  }).then(function(data) {
    // `data` is the parsed version of the JSON returned from the above endpoint.
    console.log(data);  // { "userId": 1, "id": 1, "title": "...", "body": "..." }
  });

EDIT: If your data return type is not JSON or you don't want JSON then use text()

As an example:

fetch('https://jsonplaceholder.typicode.com/posts/1')
  .then(function(response) {
    return response.text();
  }).then(function(data) {
    console.log(data); // this will be a string
  });

Hope this helps clear things up.

res.json() returns a promise. Try ...

res.json().then(body => console.log(body));

If you just want the response as text and don't want to convert it into JSON, use https://developer.mozilla.org/en-US/docs/Web/API/Body/text and then then it to get the actual result of the promise:

fetch('city-market.md')
  .then(function(response) {
    response.text().then((s) => console.log(s));
  });

or

fetch('city-market.md')
  .then(function(response) {
    return response.text();
  })
  .then(function(myText) {
    console.log(myText);
  });

Note that you can only read a stream once, so in some cases, you may need to clone the response in order to repeatedly read it:

fetch('example.json')
  .then(res=>res.clone().json())
  .then( json => console.log(json))

fetch('url_that_returns_text')
  .then(res=>res.clone().text())
  .then( text => console.log(text))

I dislike the chaining thens. The second then does not have access to status. As stated before 'response.json()' returns a promise. Returning the then result of 'response.json()' in a acts similar to a second then. It has the added bonus of being in scope of the response.

return fetch(url, params).then(response => {
    return response.json().then(body => {
        if (response.status === 200) {
            return body
        } else {
            throw body
        }
    })
})

Little bit late to the party but had some problems with getting something useful out from a ReadableStream produced from a Odata $batch request using the Sharepoint Framework.

Had similar issues as OP, but the solution in my case was to use a different conversion method than .json(). In my case .text() worked like a charm. Some fiddling was however necessary to get some useful JSON from the textfile.

Some people may find an async example useful:

var response = await fetch("https://httpbin.org/ip");
var body = await response.json(); // .json() is asynchronous and therefore must be awaited

json() converts the response's body from a ReadableStream to a json object.

The await statements must be wrapped in an async function, however you can run await statements directly in the console of Chrome (as of version 62).

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