I would like to create multiple Cloud Functions for Firebase and deploy them all at the same time from one project. I would also like to separate each function into a separate file. Currently I can create multiple functions if I put them both in index.js such as:

exports.foo = functions.database.ref('/foo').onWrite(event => {
    ...
});

exports.bar = functions.database.ref('/bar').onWrite(event => {
    ...
});

However I would like to put foo and bar in separate files. I tried this:

/functions
|--index.js (blank)
|--foo.js
|--bar.js
|--package.json

where foo.js is

exports.foo = functions.database.ref('/foo').onWrite(event => {
    ...
});

and bar.js is

exports.bar = functions.database.ref('/bar').onWrite(event => {
    ...
});

Is there a way to accomplish this without putting all functions in index.js?

Ответы (18)

Ah, Cloud Functions for Firebase load node modules normally, so this works

structure:

/functions
|--index.js
|--foo.js
|--bar.js
|--package.json

index.js:

const functions = require('firebase-functions');
const fooModule = require('./foo');
const barModule = require('./bar');

exports.foo = functions.database.ref('/foo').onWrite(fooModule.handler);
exports.bar = functions.database.ref('/bar').onWrite(barModule.handler);

foo.js:

exports.handler = (event) => {
    ...
};

bar.js:

exports.handler = (event) => {
    ...
};

Update: Typescript is now fully supported so no need for the shenanigans below. Just use the firebase cli


Here is how I personnally did it with typescript:

/functions
   |--src
      |--index.ts
      |--http-functions.ts
      |--main.js
      |--db.ts
   |--package.json
   |--tsconfig.json

Let me preface this by giving two warnings to make this work:

  1. the order of import / export matters in index.ts
  2. the db must be a separate file

For point number 2 I'm not sure why. Secundo you should respect my configuration of index, main and db exactly (at least to try it out).

index.ts : deals with export. I find it cleaner to let the index.ts deal with exports.

// main must be before functions
export * from './main';
export * from "./http-functions";

main.ts: Deals with initialization.

import { config } from 'firebase-functions';
import { initializeApp } from 'firebase-admin';

initializeApp(config().firebase);
export * from "firebase-functions";

db.ts: just reexporting the db so its name is shorter than database()

import { database } from "firebase-admin";

export const db = database();

http-functions.ts

// db must be imported like this
import { db } from './db';
// you can now import everything from index. 
import { https } from './index';  
// or (both work)
// import { https } from 'firebase-functions';

export let newComment = https.onRequest(createComment);

export async function createComment(req: any, res: any){
    db.ref('comments').push(req.body.comment);
    res.send(req.body.comment);
}

I use a vanilla JS bootloader to auto-include all of the functions I want to use.

├── /functions
│   ├── /test/
│   │   ├── testA.js
│   │   └── testB.js
│   ├── index.js
│   └── package.json

index.js (bootloader)

/**
 * The bootloader reads all directories (single level, NOT recursively)
 * to include all known functions.
 */
const functions = require('firebase-functions');
const fs = require('fs')
const path = require('path')

fs.readdirSync(process.cwd()).forEach(location => {
  if (!location.startsWith('.')) {
    location = path.resolve(location)

    if (fs.statSync(location).isDirectory() && path.dirname(location).toLowerCase() !== 'node_modules') {
      fs.readdirSync(location).forEach(filepath => {
        filepath = path.join(location, filepath)

        if (fs.statSync(filepath).isFile() && path.extname(filepath).toLowerCase() === '.js') {
          Object.assign(exports, require(filepath))
        }
      })
    }
  }
})

This example index.js file only auto-includes directories within the root. It could be expanded to walk directories, honor .gitignore, etc. This was enough for me though.

With the index file in place, adding new functions is trivial.

/test/testA.js

const functions = require('firebase-functions');

exports.helloWorld = functions.https.onRequest((request, response) => {
 response.send("Hello from Firebase!");
});

/test/testB.js

const functions = require('firebase-functions');

exports.helloWorld2 = functions.https.onRequest((request, response) => {
 response.send("Hello again, from Firebase!");
});

npm run serve yields:

λ ~/Workspace/Ventures/Author.io/Firebase/functions/ npm run serve

> functions@ serve /Users/cbutler/Workspace/Ventures/Author.io/Firebase/functions
> firebase serve --only functions


=== Serving from '/Users/cbutler/Workspace/Ventures/Author.io/Firebase'...

i  functions: Preparing to emulate functions.
Warning: You're using Node.js v9.3.0 but Google Cloud Functions only supports v6.11.5.
✔  functions: helloWorld: http://localhost:5000/authorio-ecorventures/us-central1/helloWorld
✔  functions: helloWorld2: http://localhost:5000/authorio-ecorventures/us-central1/helloWorld2

This workflow is pretty much just "write and run", without having to modify the index.js file each time a new function/file is added/modified/removed.

In case with Babel/Flow it would look like this:

Directory Layout

.
├── /build/                     # Compiled output for Node.js 6.x
├── /src/                       # Application source files
│   ├── db.js                   # Cloud SQL client for Postgres
│   ├── index.js                # Main export(s)
│   ├── someFuncA.js            # Function A
│   ├── someFuncA.test.js       # Function A unit tests
│   ├── someFuncB.js            # Function B
│   ├── someFuncB.test.js       # Function B unit tests
│   └── store.js                # Firebase Firestore client
├── .babelrc                    # Babel configuration
├── firebase.json               # Firebase configuration
└── package.json                # List of project dependencies and NPM scripts


src/index.js - Main export(s)

export * from './someFuncA.js';
export * from './someFuncB.js';


src/db.js - Cloud SQL Client for Postgres

import { Pool } from 'pg';
import { config } from 'firebase-functions';

export default new Pool({
  max: 1,
  user: '',
  database: '',
  password: config().db.password,
  host: `/cloudsql/${process.env.GCP_PROJECT}::`,
});


src/store.js - Firebase Firestore Client

import firebase from 'firebase-admin';
import { config } from 'firebase-functions';

firebase.initializeApp(config().firebase);

export default firebase.firestore();


src/someFuncA.js - Function A

import { https } from 'firebase-functions';
import db from './db';

export const someFuncA = https.onRequest(async (req, res) => {
  const { rows: regions } = await db.query(`
    SELECT * FROM regions WHERE country_code = $1
  `, ['US']);
  res.send(regions);
});


src/someFuncB.js - Function B

import { https } from 'firebase-functions';
import store from './store';

export const someFuncB = https.onRequest(async (req, res) => {
  const { docs: regions } = await store
    .collection('regions')
    .where('countryCode', '==', 'US')
    .get();
  res.send(regions);
});


.babelrc

{
  "presets": [["env", { "targets": { "node": "6.11" } }]],
}


firebase.json

{
  "functions": {
    "source": ".",
    "ignore": [
      "**/node_modules/**"
    ]
  }
}


package.json

{
  "name": "functions",
  "verson": "0.0.0",
  "private": true,
  "main": "build/index.js",
  "dependencies": {
    "firebase-admin": "^5.9.0",
    "firebase-functions": "^0.8.1",
    "pg": "^7.4.1"
  },
  "devDependencies": {
    "babel-cli": "^6.26.0",
    "babel-core": "^6.26.0",
    "babel-jest": "^22.2.2",
    "babel-preset-env": "^1.6.1",
    "jest": "^22.2.2"
  },
  "scripts": {
    "test": "jest --env=node",
    "predeploy": "rm -rf ./build && babel --out-dir ./build src",
    "deploy": "firebase deploy --only functions"
  }
}


$ yarn install                  # Install project dependencies
$ yarn test                     # Run unit tests
$ yarn deploy                   # Deploy to Firebase

There is a pretty good way to organize all of your cloud functions for the long term. I did this recently and it is working flawlessly.

What I did was organize each cloud function in separate folders based on their trigger endpoint. Every cloud function filename ends with *.f.js. For example, if you had onCreate and onUpdate triggers on user/{userId}/document/{documentId} then create two files onCreate.f.js and onUpdate.f.js in directory functions/user/document/ and your function will be named userDocumentOnCreate and userDocumentOnUpdate respectively. (1)

Here is a sample directory stucture:

functions/
|----package.json
|----index.js
/----user/
|-------onCreate.f.js
|-------onWrite.f.js
/-------document/
|------------onCreate.f.js
|------------onUpdate.f.js
/----books/
|-------onCreate.f.js
|-------onUpdate.f.js
|-------onDelete.f.js

Sample Function

const functions = require('firebase-functions');
const admin = require('firebase-admin');
const db = admin.database();
const documentsOnCreate = functions.database
    .ref('user/{userId}/document/{documentId}')
    .onCreate((snap, context) => {
        // your code goes here
    });
exports = module.exports = documentsOnCreate;

Index.js

const glob = require("glob");
const camelCase = require('camelcase');
const admin = require('firebase-admin');
const serviceAccount = require('./path/to/ServiceAccountKey.json');
try {
    admin.initializeApp({ credential: admin.credential.cert(serviceAccount),
    databaseURL: "Your database URL" });
} catch (e) {
    console.log(e);
}

const files = glob.sync('./**/*.f.js', { cwd: __dirname });
for (let f = 0, fl = files.length; f < fl; f++) {
    const file = files[f];
    const functionName = camelCase(file.slice(0, -5).split('/')); 
    if (!process.env.FUNCTION_NAME || process.env.FUNCTION_NAME === functionName) {
        exports[functionName] = require(file);
      }
}

(1): You can use any name you want. To me, onCreate.f.js, onUpdate.f.js etc. seem more relevant to the kind of trigger they are.

To be kept simple (but does the work), I have personally structured my code like this.

Layout

├── /src/                      
│   ├── index.ts               
│   ├── foo.ts           
│   ├── bar.ts
|   ├── db.ts           
└── package.json  

foo.ts

import * as functions from 'firebase-functions';
export const fooFunction = functions.database()......... {
    //do your function.
}

export const someOtherFunction = functions.database().......... {
    // do the thing.
}

bar.ts

import * as functions from 'firebase-functions';
export const barFunction = functions.database()......... {
    //do your function.
}

export const anotherFunction = functions.database().......... {
    // do the thing.
}

db.ts

import * as admin from 'firebase-admin';
import * as functions from 'firebase-functions';

export const firestore = admin.firestore();
export const realtimeDb = admin.database();

index.ts

import * as admin from 'firebase-admin';
import * as functions from 'firebase-functions';

admin.initializeApp(functions.config().firebase);
// above codes only needed if you use firebase admin

export * from './foo';
export * from './bar';

Works for directories of any nested levels. Just follow the pattern inside the directories too.

credit to @zaidfazil answer

So I have this project which has background functions and http functions. I also have tests for unit testing. CI/CD will make your life much easier when deploying cloud functions

Folder structure

|-- package.json
|-- cloudbuild.yaml
|-- functions
    |-- index.js
    |-- background
    |   |-- onCreate
    |       |-- index.js
            |-- create.js
    |
    |-- http
    |   |-- stripe
    |       |-- index.js
    |       |-- payment.js
    |-- utils
        |-- firebaseHelpers.js
    |-- test
        |-- ...
    |-- package.json

Note: utils/ folder is for share code between functions

functions/index.js

Here you can just import all the functions you need and declare them. No need to have logic here. It makes it cleaner in my opinion.

require('module-alias/register');
const functions = require('firebase-functions');

const onCreate = require('@background/onCreate');
const onDelete = require('@background/onDelete');
const onUpdate = require('@background/onUpdate');

const tours  = require('@http/tours');
const stripe = require('@http/stripe');

const docPath = 'tours/{tourId}';

module.exports.onCreate = functions.firestore.document(docPath).onCreate(onCreate);
module.exports.onDelete = functions.firestore.document(docPath).onDelete(onDelete);
module.exports.onUpdate = functions.firestore.document(docPath).onUpdate(onUpdate);

module.exports.tours  = functions.https.onRequest(tours);
module.exports.stripe = functions.https.onRequest(stripe);

CI/CD

How about having continuos integration and deployment every time you push your changes to the repo? You can have it by using google google cloud build. It's free until certain point :) Check this link.

./cloudbuild.yaml

steps:
  - name: "gcr.io/cloud-builders/npm"
    args: ["run", "install:functions"]
  - name: "gcr.io/cloud-builders/npm"
    args: ["test"]
  - name: "gcr.io/${PROJECT_ID}/firebase"
    args:
      [
        "deploy",
        "--only",
        "functions",
        "-P",
        "${PROJECT_ID}",
        "--token",
        "${_FIREBASE_TOKEN}"
      ]

substitutions:
    _FIREBASE_TOKEN: nothing

bigcodenerd.org outline's a simpler architecture pattern in order to have methods separated into different files and exported in one line within the index.js file.

The architecture for the project in this sample is the following:

projectDirectory

  • index.js
  • podcast.js
  • profile.js

index.js

const admin = require('firebase-admin');
const podcast = require('./podcast');
const profile = require('./profile');
admin.initializeApp();

exports.getPodcast = podcast.getPodcast();
exports.removeProfile = profile.removeProfile();

podcast.js

const functions = require('firebase-functions');

exports.getPodcast = () => functions.https.onCall(async (data, context) => {
      ...
      return { ... }
  });

The same pattern would be used for the removeProfile method in the profile file.

The Firebase docs have now been updated with a good guide to multi-file code organization:

Docs > Cloud Functions > Write functions > Organize functions

To summarize:

foo.js

const functions = require('firebase-functions');
exports.foo = functions.https.onRequest((request, response) => {
  // ...
});

bar.js

const functions = require('firebase-functions');
exports.bar = functions.https.onRequest((request, response) => {
  // ...
});

index.js

const foo = require('./foo');
const bar = require('./bar');
exports.foo = foo.foo;
exports.bar = bar.bar;

The above answers pointed me to the right direction, just that none really worked for me. Below is a working prototype, an example of onCall, onRequest and a Database trigger

foo.js - onCall

exports.handler = async function(data, context, admin) {
    // const database = admin.database();
    // const firestore = admin.firestore();
    //...
};

bar.js - onRequest

exports.handler = async function(req, res, admin) {
    // const database = admin.database();
    // const firestore = admin.firestore();
    //...
};

jar.js - trigger/document/onCreate

exports.handler = async function(snapshot, context, admin) {
    // const database = admin.database();
    // const firestore = admin.firestore();
    //...
};

index.js

// import firebase admin SDK dependencies

const functions = require('firebase-functions');
const admin = require('firebase-admin');
admin.initializeApp(functions.config().firebase); 

// import functions
const foo = require("./foo");
const bar = require("./bar");
const jar = require("./jar");

// onCall for foo.js
exports.foo = functions.https.onCall((data, context) => {
    return foo.handler(data, context, admin);
});

// onRequest for bar.js
exports.bar = functions.https.onRequest((req, res) => {
    return bar.handler(req, res, admin);
});

// document trigger for jar.js
exports.jar = functions.firestore
  .document("parentCollection/{parentCollectionId}")
  .onCreate((snapshot, context) => {
    return jar.handler(snapshot, context, admin);
});

NOTE: You can also make a sub folder to house your individual functions

Here's a simple answer if you're creating cloud functions with typescript.

/functions
|--index.ts
|--foo.ts

Near all your regular imports at the top just export all the functions from foo.ts.

export * from './foo';

I spent lot of time looking for the same, and there is what I think is the best way to achieve it (I'm using firebase@7.3.0):

https://codeburst.io/organizing-your-firebase-cloud-functions-67dc17b3b0da

No sweat ;)

I am also in the jouney of finding the best folder structure for Cloud Functions, so I decided to share what I've come up with:

+  /src
|    - index.ts
|    + /events
|    |    - moduleA_events.ts
|    |    - moduleB_events.ts
|    + /service
|    |    - moduleA_services.ts
|    |    - moduleB_services.ts
|    + /model
|    |    - objectA.ts
|    |    - objectB.ts
|    |    - objectC.ts
  • /src/index.ts this file works as the entry point for all events (functions) available in your app, such as database events, https requests, scheduled functions. However, functions are not directly declared in index.js, but in the events folder indead. Code sample:

    exports.user = require("./events/userEvents")
    exports.order = require("./events/orderEvents")
    exports.product = require("./events/productEvents")

Note: according to GCF official documentation, this approach will automatically rename all your functions to the "module-function" pattern. Example: if you have "userCreated" function inside userEvents.ts, firebase will rename this function to "user-userCreated"

  • /src/events this folder should only contain cloud functions declarations and should not handle business logic directly. For the actual business, you should call custom functions from your /service folder (which maps the same modules as in the events folder). Code sample for userEvents.ts:

    exports.userCreated = functions.firestore.document("/users/{documentId}").onCreate(async (snapshot) => { userServices.sendWelcomeEmail() }

  • /src/service the actual busienss logic that will connect with other firebase services such as firestore, storage, auth. You can also import your /model layer here (typescript only).

  • /src/model the interfaces used in typescript to ensure strong typed functions and objects.

As you would notice, this approach is mainly based on MVC and OOP principles. There is a lot of good debates on whether we should go with functional programming in serverless environment instead. Since my backend background is Java & C#, the folder structure I presented here seems more natural to me, however, I would be very interested in knowing how different this folder structure would be when moving to a functional programming approach.

The answer by @jasonsirota was very helpful. But it may be useful to see more detailed code, especially in the case of HTTP triggered functions.

Using the same structure as in @jasonsirota's answer, lets say you wish to have two separate HTTP trigger functions in two different files:

directory structure:

    /functions
       |--index.js
       |--foo.js
       |--bar.js
       |--package.json

index.js:

'use strict';
const fooFunction = require('./foo');
const barFunction = require('./bar');

// Note do below initialization tasks in index.js and
// NOT in child functions:
const functions = require('firebase-functions');
const admin = require('firebase-admin');
admin.initializeApp(functions.config().firebase); 
const database = admin.database();

// Pass database to child functions so they have access to it
exports.fooFunction = functions.https.onRequest((req, res) => {
    fooFunction.handler(req, res, database);
});
exports.barFunction = functions.https.onRequest((req, res) => {
    barFunction.handler(req, res, database);
});

foo.js:

 exports.handler = function(req, res, database) {
      // Use database to declare databaseRefs:
      usersRef = database.ref('users');
          ...
      res.send('foo ran successfully'); 
   }

bar.js:

exports.handler = function(req, res, database) {
  // Use database to declare databaseRefs:
  usersRef = database.ref('users');
      ...
  res.send('bar ran successfully'); 
}

To be kept simple (but does the work), I have personally structured my code like this.

Layout

├── /src/                      
│   ├── index.ts               
│   ├── foo.ts           
│   ├── bar.ts           
└── package.json  

foo.ts

export const fooFunction = functions.database()......... {
    //do your function.
}

export const someOtherFunction = functions.database().......... {
    // do the thing.
}

bar.ts

export const barFunction = functions.database()......... {
    //do your function.
}

export const anotherFunction = functions.database().......... {
    // do the thing.
}

index.ts

import * as fooFunctions from './foo';
import * as barFunctions from './bar';

module.exports = {
    ...fooFunctions,
    ...barFunctions,
};

Works for directories of any nested levels. Just follow the pattern inside the directories too.

On my effort to implement the solution of @zaidfazil, I came up with the following (using JavaScript, not TypeScript).

multi.js

exports.onQuestionMultiCreate = functions.database
  .ref("/questions-multi/{questionId}")
  .onCreate(async (snapshot, context) => {
   ...
    }
  });

trueFalse.js

exports.onQuestionTrueFalseCreate = functions.database
  .ref("/questions-truefalse/{questionId}")
  .onCreate(async (snapshot, context) => {
   ...
    }
  });

index.js


const multi = require("./multi");
const trueFalse = require("./trueFalse");

module.exports = {
  ...multi,
  ...trueFalse

With Node 8 LTS now available with Cloud/Firebase Functions you can do the following with spread operators:

/package.json

"engines": {
  "node": "8"
},

/index.js

const functions = require("firebase-functions");
const admin = require("firebase-admin");
admin.initializeApp();

module.exports = {
  ...require("./lib/foo.js"),
  // ...require("./lib/bar.js") // add as many as you like
};

/lib/foo.js

const functions = require("firebase-functions");
const admin = require("firebase-admin");

exports.fooHandler = functions.database
  .ref("/food/{id}")
  .onCreate((snap, context) => {
    let id = context.params["id"];

    return admin
      .database()
      .ref(`/bar/${id}`)
      .set(true);
  });

This format allows your entry-point to find additional function files, and export each function within each file, automatically.

Main Entry Point Script

Finds all .js files inside of the functions folder, and exports each function exported from each file.

const fs = require('fs');
const path = require('path');

// Folder where all your individual Cloud Functions files are located.
const FUNCTIONS_FOLDER = './scFunctions';

fs.readdirSync(path.resolve(__dirname, FUNCTIONS_FOLDER)).forEach(file => { // list files in the folder.
  if(file.endsWith('.js')) {
    const fileBaseName = file.slice(0, -3); // Remove the '.js' extension
    const thisFunction = require(`${FUNCTIONS_FOLDER}/${fileBaseName}`);
    for(var i in thisFunction) {
        exports[i] = thisFunction[i];
    }
  }
});

Example Export of Multiple Functions from One File

const functions = require('firebase-functions');

const query = functions.https.onRequest((req, res) => {
    let query = req.query.q;

    res.send({
        "You Searched For": query
    });
});

const searchTest = functions.https.onRequest((req, res) => {
    res.send({
        "searchTest": "Hi There!"
    });
});

module.exports = {
    query,
    searchTest
}

http accessible endpoints are appropriately named

✔ functions: query: http://localhost:5001/PROJECT-NAME/us-central1/query
✔ functions: helloWorlds: http://localhost:5001/PROJECT-NAME/us-central1/helloWorlds
✔ functions: searchTest: http://localhost:5001/PROJECT-NAME/us-central1/searchTest

One file

If you only have a few additional files (e.g. just one), you can use:

const your_functions = require('./path_to_your_functions');

for (var i in your_functions) {
  exports[i] = your_functions[i];
}

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