I am stuck at "Amazon Cognito Identity user pools" process.

I tried all possible codes for authenticating user in cognito userpools. But I always get error saying "Error: Unable to verify secret hash for client 4b*******fd".

Here is code:

AWS.config.region = 'us-east-1'; // Region
AWS.config.credentials = new AWS.CognitoIdentityCredentials({
    IdentityPoolId: 'us-east-1:b64bb629-ec73-4569-91eb-0d950f854f4f'
});

AWSCognito.config.region = 'us-east-1';
AWSCognito.config.credentials = new AWS.CognitoIdentityCredentials({
    IdentityPoolId: 'us-east-1:b6b629-er73-9969-91eb-0dfffff445d'
});

AWSCognito.config.update({accessKeyId: 'AKIAJNYLRONAKTKBXGMWA', secretAccessKey: 'PITHVAS5/UBADLU/dHITesd7ilsBCm'})

var poolData = { 
    UserPoolId : 'us-east-1_l2arPB10',
    ClientId : '4bmsrr65ah3oas5d4sd54st11k'
};
var userPool = new AWSCognito.CognitoIdentityServiceProvider.CognitoUserPool(poolData);

var userData = {
     Username : 'ronakpatel@gmail.com',
     Pool : userPool
};

var cognitoUser = new AWSCognito.CognitoIdentityServiceProvider.CognitoUser(userData);

cognitoUser.confirmRegistration('123456', true,function(err, result) {
if (err) {
    alert(err);
    return;
}
console.log('call result: ' + result);
});

Ответы (19)

It seems that currently AWS Cognito doesn't handle client secret perfectly. It will work in the near future but as for now it is still a beta version.

For me it is working fine for an app without a client secret but fails for an app with a client secret.

So in your user pool try to create a new app without generating a client secret. Then use that app to signup a new user or to confirm registration.

I had the same problem in the .net SDK.

Here's how I solved in, in case anyone else needs it:

public static class CognitoHashCalculator
{
    public static string GetSecretHash(string username, string appClientId, string appSecretKey)
    {
        var dataString = username + appClientId;

        var data = Encoding.UTF8.GetBytes(dataString);
        var key = Encoding.UTF8.GetBytes(appSecretKey);

        return Convert.ToBase64String(HmacSHA256(data, key));
    }

    public static byte[] HmacSHA256(byte[] data, byte[] key)
    {
        using (var shaAlgorithm = new System.Security.Cryptography.HMACSHA256(key))
        {
            var result = shaAlgorithm.ComputeHash(data);
            return result;
        }
    }
}

Signing up then looks like this:

public class CognitoSignUpController
{
    private readonly IAmazonCognitoIdentityProvider _amazonCognitoIdentityProvider;

    public CognitoSignUpController(IAmazonCognitoIdentityProvider amazonCognitoIdentityProvider)
    {
        _amazonCognitoIdentityProvider = amazonCognitoIdentityProvider;
    }

    public async Task SignUpAsync(string userName, string password, string email)
    {
        try
        {
            var request = CreateSignUpRequest(userName, password, email);
            var authResp = await _amazonCognitoIdentityProvider.SignUpAsync(request);

            return true;
        }
        catch
        {
            return false;
        }
    }

    private static SignUpRequest CreateSignUpRequest(string userName, string password, string email)
    {
        var clientId = ConfigurationManager.AppSettings["ClientId"];
        var clientSecretId = ConfigurationManager.AppSettings["ClientSecretId"];

        var request = new SignUpRequest
        {
            ClientId = clientId,
            SecretHash = CognitoHashCalculator.GetSecretHash(userName, clientId, clientSecretId),
            Username = userName,
            Password = password,
        };

        request.UserAttributes.Add("email", email);
        return request;
    }
}

For anybody interested in using AWS Lambda to sign up a user using the AWS JS SDK, these are the steps I did:

Create another lambda function in python to generate the key:

import hashlib
import hmac
import base64

secretKey = "key"
clientId = "clientid"
digest = hmac.new(secretKey,
                  msg=username + clientId,
                  digestmod=hashlib.sha256
                 ).digest()
signature = base64.b64encode(digest).decode()

Call the function through the nodeJS function in AWS. The signature acted as the secret hash for Cognito

Note: The answer is based heavily off George Campbell's answer in the following link: Calculating a SHA hash with a string + secret key in python

There might be a more compact version, but this works for Ruby, specifically in Ruby on Rails without having to require anything:

key = ENV['COGNITO_SECRET_HASH']
data = username + ENV['COGNITO_CLIENT_ID']
digest = OpenSSL::Digest.new('sha256')

hmac = Base64.strict_encode64(OpenSSL::HMAC.digest(digest, key, data))

This might be a fews years late but just uncheck the "Generate client secret" option" and it will work for your web clients.

generate app client option

Solution for NodeJS with SecretHash

It seems silly that AWS removed the secret key from the SDK as it will not be exposed in NodeJS.

I got it working in NodeJS by intercepting fetch and adding in the hashed key using @Simon Buchan's answer.

cognito.js

import { CognitoUserPool, CognitoUserAttribute, CognitoUser } from 'amazon-cognito-identity-js'
import crypto from 'crypto'
import * as fetchIntercept from './fetch-intercept'

const COGNITO_SECRET_HASH_API = [
  'AWSCognitoIdentityProviderService.ConfirmForgotPassword',
  'AWSCognitoIdentityProviderService.ConfirmSignUp',
  'AWSCognitoIdentityProviderService.ForgotPassword',
  'AWSCognitoIdentityProviderService.ResendConfirmationCode',
  'AWSCognitoIdentityProviderService.SignUp',
]

const CLIENT_ID = 'xxx'
const CLIENT_SECRET = 'xxx'
const USER_POOL_ID = 'xxx'

const hashSecret = (clientSecret, username, clientId) => crypto.createHmac('SHA256', clientSecret)
  .update(username + clientId)
  .digest('base64')

fetchIntercept.register({
  request(url, config) {
    const { headers } = config
    if (headers && COGNITO_SECRET_HASH_API.includes(headers['X-Amz-Target'])) {
      const body = JSON.parse(config.body)
      const { ClientId: clientId, Username: username } = body
      // eslint-disable-next-line no-param-reassign
      config.body = JSON.stringify({
        ...body,
        SecretHash: hashSecret(CLIENT_SECRET, username, clientId),
      })
    }
    return [url, config]
  },
})

const userPool = new CognitoUserPool({
  UserPoolId: USER_POOL_ID,
  ClientId: CLIENT_ID,
})

const register = ({ email, password, mobileNumber }) => {
  const dataEmail = { Name: 'email', Value: email }
  const dataPhoneNumber = { Name: 'phone_number', Value: mobileNumber }

  const attributeList = [
    new CognitoUserAttribute(dataEmail),
    new CognitoUserAttribute(dataPhoneNumber),
  ]

  return userPool.signUp(email, password, attributeList, null, (err, result) => {
    if (err) {
      console.log((err.message || JSON.stringify(err)))
      return
    }
    const cognitoUser = result.user
    console.log(`user name is ${cognitoUser.getUsername()}`)
  })
}

export {
  register,
}

fetch-inceptor.js (Forked and edited for NodeJS from Fork of https://github.com/werk85/fetch-intercept/blob/develop/src/index.js)

let interceptors = []

if (!global.fetch) {
  try {
    // eslint-disable-next-line global-require
    global.fetch = require('node-fetch')
  } catch (err) {
    throw Error('No fetch available. Unable to register fetch-intercept')
  }
}
global.fetch = (function (fetch) {
  return (...args) => interceptor(fetch, ...args)
}(global.fetch))

const interceptor = (fetch, ...args) => {
  const reversedInterceptors = interceptors.reduce((array, _interceptor) => [_interceptor].concat(array), [])
  let promise = Promise.resolve(args)

  // Register request interceptors
  reversedInterceptors.forEach(({ request, requestError }) => {
    if (request || requestError) {
      promise = promise.then(_args => request(..._args), requestError)
    }
  })

  // Register fetch call
  promise = promise.then(_args => fetch(..._args))

  // Register response interceptors
  reversedInterceptors.forEach(({ response, responseError }) => {
    if (response || responseError) {
      promise = promise.then(response, responseError)
    }
  })

  return promise
}

const register = (_interceptor) => {
  interceptors.push(_interceptor)
  return () => {
    const index = interceptors.indexOf(_interceptor)
    if (index >= 0) {
      interceptors.splice(index, 1)
    }
  }
}

const clear = () => {
  interceptors = []
}

export {
  register,
  clear,
}

Amazon mention how Computing SecretHash Values for Amazon Cognito in their documentation with Java application code. Here this code works with boto 3 Python SDK.

app client details

You can find your App clients in left side menu under General settings. Get those App client id and App client secret to create SECRET_HASH. For your better understand I commented out all the outputs of each and every line.

import hashlib
import hmac
import base64

app_client_secret = 'u8f323eb3itbr3731014d25spqtv5r6pu01olpp5tm8ebicb8qa'
app_client_id = '396u9ekukfo77nhcfbmqnrec8p'
username = 'wasdkiller'

# convert str to bytes
key = bytes(app_client_secret, 'latin-1')  # b'u8f323eb3itbr3731014d25spqtv5r6pu01olpp5tm8ebicb8qa'
msg = bytes(username + app_client_id, 'latin-1')  # b'wasdkiller396u9ekukfo77nhcfbmqnrec8p'

new_digest = hmac.new(key, msg, hashlib.sha256).digest()  # b'P$#\xd6\xc1\xc0U\xce\xc1$\x17\xa1=\x18L\xc5\x1b\xa4\xc8\xea,\x92\xf5\xb9\xcdM\xe4\x084\xf5\x03~'
SECRET_HASH = base64.b64encode(new_digest).decode()  # UCQj1sHAVc7BJBehPRhMxRukyOoskvW5zU3kCDT1A34=

In the boto 3 documentation, we can see lot of time ask about SECRET_HASH. So above code lines help you to create this SECRET_HASH.

If you don't want to use SECRET_HASH just uncheck Generate client secret when creating an app.

new app create

The below seems to work with .NET now, for asp.net pages using the Alexa Skills SDK for .NET by Time Heur

Inject dependency

        private readonly CognitoUserManager _userManager;
 public RegisterModel(
            UserManager userManager,
            )
 _userManager = userManager as CognitoUserManager as CognitoUserManager;

Then assign a hash

     var user = _pool.GetUser(Input.UserName);
_userManager.PasswordHasher.HashPassword(user,Input.Password);
 var result = await _userManager.CreateAsync(user, Input.Password);

Solution for golang. Seems like this should be added to the SDK.

import (
    "crypto/hmac"
    "crypto/sha256"
    "encoding/base64"
)

func SecretHash(username, clientID, clientSecret string) string {
    mac := hmac.New(sha256.New, []byte(clientSecret))
    mac.Write([]byte(username + ClientID))
    return base64.StdEncoding.EncodeToString(mac.Sum(nil))
}

Here is my 1 command, and it works (Confirmed :))

EMAIL="EMAIL@HERE.com" \
CLIENT_ID="[CLIENT_ID]" \
CLIENT_SECRET="[CLIENT_ID]" \
&& SECRET_HASH=$(echo -n "${EMAIL}${CLIENT_ID}" | openssl dgst -sha256 -hmac "${CLIENT_SECRET}" | xxd -r -p | openssl base64) \
&& aws cognito-idp ...  --secret-hash "${SECRET_HASH}"

In Java you could use this code:

private String getSecretHash(String email, String appClientId, String appSecretKey) throws Exception {
    byte[] data = (email + appClientId).getBytes("UTF-8");
    byte[] key = appSecretKey.getBytes("UTF-8");

    return Base64.encodeAsString(HmacSHA256(data, key));
}

static byte[] HmacSHA256(byte[] data, byte[] key) throws Exception {
    String algorithm = "HmacSHA256";
    Mac mac = Mac.getInstance(algorithm);
    mac.init(new SecretKeySpec(key, algorithm));
    return mac.doFinal(data);
}

C++ with the Qt Framework

QByteArray MyObject::secretHash(
     const QByteArray& email,
     const QByteArray& appClientId, 
     const QByteArray& appSecretKey)
{
            QMessageAuthenticationCode code(QCryptographicHash::Sha256);
            code.setKey(appSecretKey);
            code.addData(email);
            code.addData(appClientId);
            return code.result().toBase64();
};

this is a sample php code that I use to generate the secret hash


in this case the result is:

DdSuILDJ2V84zfOChcn6TfgmlfnHsUYq0J6c01QV43I=

for JAVA and .NET you need to pass the secret has in the auth parameters with the name SECRET_HASH.

AdminInitiateAuthRequest request = new AdminInitiateAuthRequest
{
  ClientId = this.authorizationSettings.AppClientId,
  AuthFlow = AuthFlowType.ADMIN_NO_SRP_AUTH,
  AuthParameters = new Dictionary
  {
    {"USERNAME", username},
    {"PASSWORD", password},
    {
      "SECRET_HASH", EncryptionHelper.GetSecretHash(username, AppClientId, AppClientSecret)
    }
  },
  UserPoolId = this.authorizationSettings.UserPoolId
};

And it should work.

A quick fix for the above mentioned problem statement would be to delete the existing "App Client" and crate a new one with unchecked Generate client secret

Note : Don't forget to change the app client string in the code.

AWS Cognito

According to the Docs: http://docs.aws.amazon.com/cognito/latest/developerguide/setting-up-the-javascript-sdk.html

The Javascript SDK doesn't support Apps with a Client Secret.

The instructions now state that you need to uncheck the "Generate Client Secret" when creating the app for the User Pool.

This solution works in March 2021:

In case you're working with a client which has both "client_secret" and "client_id" generated, instead of calculating the SECRET_HASH and providing it to the function as specified in AWS docs, pass the "client_secret".

Note: I was trying to generate new tokens from the refresh token.

let result = await cognitoIdentityServiceProvidor
  .initiateAuth({
    AuthFlow: "REFRESH_TOKEN",
    ClientId: clientId,
    AuthParameters: {
      REFRESH_TOKEN: refresh_token,
      SECRET_HASH: clientSecret,
    },
  })
  .promise();

It's absurd, but it works!

Since everyone else has posted their language, here's node (and it works in the browser with browserify-crypto, automatically used if you use webpack or browserify):

const crypto = require('crypto');

...

crypto.createHmac('SHA256', clientSecret)
  .update(username + clientId)
  .digest('base64')

Cognito Authentication

Error: App client is not configured for secret but secret hash was received

Providing secretKey as nil worked for me. Credentials provided include :-

  • CognitoIdentityUserPoolRegion (region)
  • CognitoIdentityUserPoolId (userPoolId)
  • CognitoIdentityUserPoolAppClientId (ClientId)
  • AWSCognitoUserPoolsSignInProviderKey (AccessKeyId)

    // setup service configuration
    let serviceConfiguration = AWSServiceConfiguration(region: CognitoIdentityUserPoolRegion, credentialsProvider: nil)
    
    // create pool configuration
    let poolConfiguration = AWSCognitoIdentityUserPoolConfiguration(clientId: CognitoIdentityUserPoolAppClientId,
                                                                    clientSecret: nil,
                                                                    poolId: CognitoIdentityUserPoolId)
    
    // initialize user pool client
    AWSCognitoIdentityUserPool.register(with: serviceConfiguration, userPoolConfiguration: poolConfiguration, forKey: AWSCognitoUserPoolsSignInProviderKey)
    

All above things work with below linked code sample.

AWS Sample code : https://github.com/awslabs/aws-sdk-ios-samples/tree/master/CognitoYourUserPools-Sample/Swift

Let me know if that doesn't work for you.

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